Different view of Mt. Rushmore
Quotes from the book “America’s Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World,” byprofessor David E. Stannard.
Edward S. Curtis Gallery
A large gallery of photogravures of the North American Indian by photo historian Edward S. Curtis. Early 1900's. Edward S. Curtis devoted 30 years to photographing and documenting over eighty tribes west of the Mississippi, from the Mexican border to northern Alaska.
Events in THE WEST -- 1890-1900
There are some pretty sad Americn Indian facts in this PBS.org timeline of events.
Exemplar of Liberty
Native America and the Evolution of Democracy by Bruce E. Johansen & Donald A. Grinde is a very interesting historical research document. American Indian
symbols on U.S Great Seal.
Florida Territory during the Seminole Wars, 1792-1859
"Welcome to the most comprehensive web page of information
on the 2nd Seminole War anywhere on the internet" states the author who created this excellent site from extensive research. He also offers a CD of his book, and recommends Florida's Seminole Wars, 1817-1858 (The Making of America Series) by Dr. Joe Knetsch .
Flury and Company
Edward Curtis Gallery: more wonderful photogravures of Native Americans by this dedicated man, from the early 1900's.
Great Seal of the U.S.
"the image of the bundle of arrows borrowed from the Iroquois Great Law was used as a symbol of unity."
History of the Cherokee
This site was written by Ken Martin who states: (this)
website is a tribute to the strength and determination of our people to survive
centuries of trials and oppression." There is early contact
information on this site. Remember to check the source.
History of the Oglala Lakota Nation
Cultural anthropologists recognize that the Lakota attained a level of cultural development over a forty-thousand year process that resulted in: . . . . a "must read" . . . . "This superbly evolved people & their culture came under relentless attack from outside forces during a sixty year period, from 1830 to 1890."
Huron Indian Cemetery Chronology
A brief (historical) chronological overview of the Wyandot Nation of Kansas
and the Huron Indian Cemetery by Janith English,
Chief, Wyandot Nation of Kansas.
The Iroquois of the Northeast
An excellent set of articles on the Carnegie Musem Web site.
John G. Burnett’s Story
of the Removal of the Cherokees. Private John G. Burnett was under the command
of Captain Abraham McClellan’s Company, 2nd Regiment, 2nd Brigade, Mounted
Infantry, during the Cherokee Indian Removal, 1838-39. This is the story he told on
his 80th birthday, December 11, 1890.
People of the Flint: "We were always here and we will always be here."
"However, my teachers never taught me that our country has a Holocaust of its own (actually there are two; one killing 40 to 60,000,000 Africans, and one killing 100,000,000 Native Red Peoples)."
The Long Walk to Bosque Redondo
This page on the Smithsonian Magazine site
tells a part of the history of the Dine' that is still b in their memory.
Here is a brief history of The Great Sioux Nation from 1800 to the 1990's.
Muscogee (Creek) History
This is on the Web site of the Muscogee Nation. September (Oto-wo'skuce - a little chestnut) 2003 Tribal Citizenship is 54,809.
Native Americans and Vegetarianism
This is an article in International Vegetarian Union's History of Vegetarianism Web site, by Rita Laws Ph.D. a Choctaw -
Cherokee. She describes the long agricultural history of her Choctaw ancestors before the European invasion.
Oneida Indian Nation
You will find this brief history of the Oneida, from their official site, very
educational and interesting.
Oneida Indian Nation Land Claims
Here is the timeline of important dates from "Immemorial" to 1998.
This is the historical timeline of the Blackfeet from the early 1700's to 1979.
Red River War
"This series of military engagements fought between the United States Army and warriors of the Kiowa, Comanche, Southern Cheyenne, and southern Arapaho Indian tribes from June of 1874 into the spring of 1875, began when the federal government defaulted on obligations undertaken to those tribes by the Treaty of Medicine Lodge in 1867." The "Lost Valley Fight", near Jacksboro, Texas is mentioned in this article.
Seminole Nation: Indian Territory
A short history of the Seminoles in Indian Territory, OK. Links to
"History of The Great Seal of The Seminole Nation" and Genealogy resources.
Seminole Tribe of Florida: History
This History is on the Official Seminole Tribe site. All of the Seminole Tribe pages are very good. You will enjoy your visit.
Seminoles of Florida History
This is an excellent "thumbnail history" page, with good pictures, on the Florida Division of Historical Resources site.
Sipapu--The Anasazi Emergence into the Cyber World
A Web site dedicated to the study of the prehistoric Anasazi. In addition to
information on the prehistory, there are also interactive reconstructions of their
architecture. Sipapu also offers a variety of online research papers, searchable
databases, and bibliographic references.
Sisseton-Wahpeton History & Culture
"Excerpt from Ehanna Woyakapi, a history and cultural record commissioned by the Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe" shared by Timm (Ondamitag). Found in the May 19, 2001 issue of Canku Ota
Standing Rock Heads of Families by Bands, 1885
A very long list: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs,
Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates, North Dakota.
Roll 5A: Record of Rations Issued 1885.
National Archives, Kansas City 1977. No graphics here, but it is long and sometimes "times out." research & webwork: Primeau_website.
Samuel Cloud turned 9 years old on the Trail of Tears. Samuel's Memory is told by his great-great grandson, Michael Rutledge, in his paper Forgiveness in the Age of Forgetfulness. Michael, a citizen of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is an attorney.
Searching for Saponi Town
"Save yourself some trips to the university library. The text of some of the basic historical texts on the Southeastern Siouan are here, along with some original articles by members of this group."
Texas Indian cultures resource for kids. Comanche, Kiowa, Caddo, Tonkawa, Atakapan, Kickapoo, Cherokee and more.
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The Thinker: Indian Gaming
An article in the November 1, 1995 issue of the Stanford University student
Tradgedy at Wounded Knee
A complete account of the Wounded Knee Massacre, with links to pictures and other
educational pages. © 1995 Karen M. Strom
Tuscarora and Six Nations Websites
Links to Tuscarora and Six Nations History - Iroquois Information menu on left side of page. "Tuscaroras.com is not the official website of the Tuscarora Nation of New York."
Virginia's Indians, Past & Present
"This page offers historical information, lesson plans, bibliographies and links to tribal home pages. The Powhatan Indians page provides information for younger readers on the tribe, plus early Colonial history [Jamestown, Raleigh's expeditions]. This information is provided for younger readers who may be researching class projects. You can search this site. An index and sitemap are also available." This page seems to cover ALL the Tribes/Groups/Nations of Virginia and is excellent!
Vnewetv, Our Ancient Home
Vnewetv : (ah-NEE-wih-duh, Ah-nee-WIH-duh, AH-nee-wih-duh, AH-nee-wih-DUH).
"No tribe has claimed it. Linguistically, it could belong to any number of language
families. Although not in common use by many Native Americans today, it
continues to be known among those whom we call Carriers of Tradition, people
who know, remember and practice ancient ways." This is an absolutely fascinating
The Walam Olum
The Walam Olum is an excerpt from The Lenâpé and Their Legends, by Samuel G. Brinton. Brinton's Library of Aboriginal Literature number V. Phildelphia, 1885. This is one of the only indigenous pre-contact written texts available from North America. With pictographs, Delaware and English translation.
The Wampum Chronicles:
A Website of Mohawk History This is a beautiful, as well as an excellent site. The author, Akiatonharonkwen, says this "represents independent research into Mohawk history. It is based on historical documentation, secondary sources, and Mohawk oral tradition."
What Happened To The Indians?
A brief description with excellent links to more detailed information.
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
A page with a map and a comment in Places in The West, a PBS.org site. See also Big Foot