Native American Culture (BD Shadow)

Native American Culture written with pictures from 'Red Rock'

Wilma Mankiller
Wilma Mankiller
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Chief Joseph
Chief Joseph
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David C. Behrens - Iron Horse
Iron Horse
David C. Behrens
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Site Index
Famous People
Chief Arvol Looking Horse
19th generation keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe. Due to his understanding of the tragic history of his People . . . . . Arvol has committed his life to working for freedom, peace, the cultural revival and healing of his people, and the healing of Mother Earth and all her peoples. See also The Work and Words of Chief Arvol Looking Horse (S'unkawakan Wicas'a) Website by Stephanie M. Schwartz.

Ben Nighthorse Campbell, U.S. Senator
Colorado's U.S. Senator is the only American Indian presently serving in either the House of Representatives or the United States Senate.

Big Foot
Big Foot haunts history. He was the leader of the Miniconjou band massacred at Wounded Knee Creek on December 29, 1890.

Black Elk:
One of the Greatest Spiritual Leaders of the 20th century.   Black Elk Speaks and When the Tree Flowered, and The Sacred Pipe by Joseph Epes Brown, the basic works of the Black Elk theological tradition, now bid fair to become the central core of a North American Indian spiritual teaching which will someday challenge the Eastern and Western traditions as a way of looking at the world.

Chief Dan George
Chief Dan George was chief of the Salish Band in Burrard Inlet, British Columbia, but he was also an actor. Biography in Life & Times, Canada's Biography Series, 1998.

Chief Dull Knife
Also named WOHEHIV - 'Morning Star'. The Northern Cheyenne tell the story of Chief Dull Knife through their performing troupe Native Reign. See Also Dull Knife as Remembered by Ohiyesa (Charles A. Eastman)

Chief Earl Old Person
The current Chief of the Blackfeet Nation was honored by the ACLU of Montana with its most prestigious award.    See also Special Songs,
Blackfoot Confederacy, and Blackfeet Land Trust.

Chief Joseph
Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce, who tried to take his people to Canada, spoke the famous words, "I have fought; but from where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever." 1832 - 1904. See also Glen Welker's page on Chief Joseph

Chief Seattle's Speech
A copy of the first printing of Chief Seattle's famous speech. Posted by the Arbor Heights Elementary School in Seattle, WA.

NEW Chief Tonasket
Chief Joseph Tonasket 1822-1891, "He proved himself a strong and able leader, and although his was not an inherited Chieftain-Chief, he was officially recognized as Chief of the Okanogan Indians in about the year 1858. His whole life was a series of accomplishments for his people."

Crazy Horse
"All we wanted was peace and to be left alone." See also Crazy Horse/Tashunkewitko (on Glenn Welker's site).

De-Ka-Nah-Wi-Da and Hiawatha
"The Great Peacemaker" and Hiawatha created the Confederacy known as the Haudenosaunee, which means "People of the Long House." This Iroquois Confederation is now more than 500 years old.

Dennis J Banks
This leader, teacher, lecturer, activist and author is the co-founder of AIM and the Director of the Sacred Run Foundation. A Message from Dennis

Elouise Cobell
A member of the Blackfeet, the lead plaintiff and prime mover of Cobell v. Norton (prev. Babbitt), the Indian Trust suit to hold the government accountable for Individual Indian Monies (IIM) trust accounts (Cobell is winning). She has been written about by the Wall Street Journal, and recognized by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

Elizabeth Peratrovich
This page tells the story of how "that beautiful Tlingit woman" became the main reason that the anti-discrimination bill was passed. Quote from a statement by Alaska Governor Gruening.

Gall was Sitting Bull's strategist. These two and Crazy Horse were the three main Native American leaders at the Battle Of The Little Big Horn.

Handsome Lake
In 1799, Handsome Lake had the first in a series of visions while lying in his bed deathly ill. A messenger from the Creator appeared to him, giving him instructions for the Iroquois. Handsome Lake recovered and preached these messages to the Seneca which became known as the Code of Handsome Lake.

Ira Hayes
A well written short biography of the famous Pima Nation member who helped raise the Flag on Iwo Jima. This bio is by the famous Pima artist Urshel Taylor, and features his painting "The Real Ira Hayes."

Leornard Peltier
Leonard Peltier
( logo)
Leonard Peltier: man, soldier and symbol Editorial in Indian Country Today, the nation's leading Native American Indian news source

LPDC - International Office
See Leonard Peltier Defense Committe for important information. To subscribe to the newsletter, send a blank message to

Luther Standing Bear
Chief of the Oglala, Lakota (1905-1939): "From Wakan Tanka, the Great Spirit, there came a great unifying life force that flowed in and through all things -- the flowers of the plains, blowing winds, rocks, trees, birds, animals -- and was the same force that had been breathed into the first man. Thus all things were kindred, and were brought together by the same Great Mystery."

Mountain Chief
He was a great Blackfeet leader of the late 1800s. Some made their way into history by co-operation with the U.S. Government. Mountain Chief did not compromise.

Ohiyesa (Dr. Charles Alexander Eastman)
Ohiyesa was a Santee Sioux raised in the traditional ways who became an educated and famous author; 1858-1939.

This great leader of the Oneida Nation who was a hero of the Revolutionary War was born in 1710 and lived for 106 years.

N. Scott Momaday
N. Scott Momaday is a poet, novelist, playwright, storyteller, artist, and a professor of English and American literature. He is a Kiowa and a member of the renowned Kiowa Gourd Dance Society. . . . he holds an earned Ph.D. and has received the Pulitzer Prize (for House Made of Dawn).

Red Cloud
A warrior and a statesman, Red Cloud was one of the most important Lakota leaders of the 19th century. 1872 Photo.

Roberta Blackgoat
This Navajo "Fighting Grandmother" fought for two decades to remain on her beloved land on sacred Big Mountain. "A great spirit has passed among us and now passes from our midst".

Russell Means
Described by L.A. Times as the most famous American Indian since Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, Russell Means was the Libertarian Party Presidential candidate in 1988.

Satanta (Set'tainte,White Bear)
Kiowa chief, who attempted to prevent the demise of Kiowa sovereignty and proved willing to use both diplomacy and warfare as means to secure his ends. Satanta and Ado-eete stood trial in Jacksboro, Texas for the Salt Creek Massacre. This was a celebrated event, primarily because it marked the first time Indian chiefs were forced to stand trial in a civil court.

Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotake)
This Lakota Medicine Man and Chief was considered the last Sioux to surrender to the U.S. Government.

Steve Reevis
This actor is from the Blackfeet reservation near Browning, MT. He goes "home for enlightenment. I sweat and take part in ceremonies. It really helps me to balance my life. I canít find that spiritual balance in California. I know my true foundation is my own Blackfeet people, my relatives and friends. . . . Itís a good feeling to feel the strength in prayer." . . .

Almost everyone knows of Tecumseh, the Warrior-Statesman and Prophet of the Shawenese (Shawnee).

Tichkematse (Squint Eyes)
A fascinating early employee of the Smithsonian Institution was Tichkematse, a Cheyenne Indian who worked for the institution in a variety of capacities between 1879 and 1881.

The Tooth Shaman
Short Bio of Dr. Fredenberg's life; 2nd Indian in US to become Dentist. Crossed over March 2002.

Wilma Mankiller
She is the first woman to be elected Chief of the Cherokee Nation, Tahlequah, Oklahoma - 1985 to 1995.

Winona LaDuke
In 2000 she was candidate for Vice President of the US, (with Ralph Nader for President) she also ran for VP in 1996, was the recipient of the 1989 International Reebok Human Rights Award and in 1995 was named as one of "50 leaders" for the future by Time Magazine. This article is on Voices From the Gap web site. See also Learning from Native Peoples, from an edited version of Winona LaDuke's talk at Yale.

Dr. John Woodenlegs, Sr.
John Woodenlegs, Sr. touched many peopleís lives in his long and productive life. For many years he lectured nationwide on Northern Cheyenne History and Culture and at the time of his death was teaching classes at Chief Dull Knife College.

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In Association with
Political Leaders and Peacemakers In Association with
Political Leaders and Peacemakers (American Indian Lives)
by Victoria Sherrow
Click on Book for more details.
Part of the American Indian Lives series, this profiles 13 important Native Americans who used their vision, oratory skills, and diplomacy to guide their people through times of deception, relocation, and often near annihilation brought on by land-hungry whites. From Deganawidah and Hayenwatha, founders of the Iroquois League--a democratic confederacy of tribal nations pre-dating the U.S. Constitution by more than 200 years--to Wilma Mankiller, the first woman to serve as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation, they all asked and are still asking for the right for their people to live with dignity and within their traditions. The text is well written, clearly organized, and packed with historical information that still isn't making it into the textbooks.
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Native American Culture site created January 1, 2000

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